When you make photos at night, it's a good idea to follow some generally rules. Check some of them below. The rest that's your skills, initiative and ingenuity which each photographer should have; and maby some good luck also.
Get a good tripod.
The bese to start make a night photography is of course a good tripod. Even if we have a stabilized image build in our camera or have a good stabilizer lens, we won't have sucha a good results if we have using a tripod. When you start paly with exposure time, you just won't handle with out the tripod.
If we have a remote control, less solid support can be enough for us, but it should be stable enough to keep the camera from vibrating when the mirror is rising. If we use a normal digital camera (not SLR), then we do not have to worry about unwanted vibrations. If you do not have a remote control, the tripod should be solid enough to not wiggle when you press the shutter button.
Set the lowest ISO.
Probably you already know that if you set high ISO on your hardware, you will get noise on your photo. Low ISO requires a longer exposure time, but if you have a tripod, this shouldn't be a problem.
White balance for night photos.
If we are talking about white balance, it's a good idea to experiment with the settings. Thanks to the appropriate color settings, our pictures will be cooler or warmer. Sometimes night scenes will be more interesting if they do not reflect natural looking lighting.
Also while black and white photos are taken by night, we do not have to worry about the white balance, the pictures can be more interesting than in color. It all depends on what and how we want to convey through our photographs.
If you don't know what settings for the white balance choose, then well... some people propose to take photos in RAW and experiment with them on the computer later.
Sharpness of the image
During the night photo session, it may happen that our camera will not automatically focus on the element that we want to catch. In this case, you can go into manual mode and focus on the right plan accordingly.
Select the appropriate exposure time and aperture.
Experimenting with exposure time can gives interesting effects. I don't have on my mind bluring the lights of passing cars or people or objects in motion here, but effects you can get on objects which emit the light. Depending on exposure time and aperture, you can get a halo effect around the glowing lamp,the light rays or flares that surround it.
That might be an intresting for someone, how the air affect on the images. The photos look different when they are taken by summer night, different when it's raining or during the cold winter.
It's good to remember that when we make aphotos by night, we can not always trust a light meter which built in the camera ( it can be external one as well). Our pictures may be too dark or too light. By using a digital camera, we have the convenience of taking several pictures in different settings and choosing the one that best for us.
The hardest part of night photography is choosing an interesting outdoor, appropriate photo frame or the right time. Sometimes just a little luck ;)